Design und Diversität

Elena Shapira
Design, Theory and History of Design
2020W, Proseminar (PS), 2.0 ECTS, 2.0 semester hours, course number S02886

Description

Body Matters – Design, Medicine and Gender in Viennese Modernism

Staging “the body” played critical role in modern design and art in Vienna in the first half of the twentieth century. Designers and artists featured “the body” - theirs and others as central to their Weltanschauung. This course examines how design and art fashioned and performed the gendered/ de-gendered and the healthy/ sick bodies in Viennese modernism. How did architecture and fashion offer different modes of self-territorializing of the human body? How did design and art use medical discourses to confirm or challenge codes of respectability regarding the body? Architects and artists casted real and imagined bodies and expressed their empathy with- or prejudice against “the Other” in a manner that secured or hindered integration of women, children, mentally ill, and minorities. The course will examine the works of central architects and artists in Viennese modernism including architects and designers Otto Wagner, Josef Hoffmann, Kolo Moser, Adolf Loos, Josef Frank, Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky, Liane Zimbler, Vally Wieselthier, and further artists Gustav Klimt, Richard Gerstl, Oskar Kokoschka, Egon Schiele, Teresa Ries, Broncia Koller-Pinell, and Helene Funke. The aim of this course is to reconsider the relevance of the human body as critical to creative processes and the role of design and art in advancing or suppressing social change. The methodology will include theories of sociology of design and feminist art history. The students will gain new critical awareness regarding the role of design and art in shaping are views on our bodies and social relations, and further critical tools for considering social perspectives in creative practice.

Examination Modalities

Compulsary participation,  active engagement in class discussions, (15 minutes) presentation on chosen subject in class and written proseminar paper (5-7 pages).

Comments

This proseminar  will be held in English

Presentations and written papers could be submitted in German or in English

 

Selected Bibliography:

Amesberger, Helga, et al. (eds.,) Exh. Cat. Sex in Wien: Lust, Kontrolle, Ungehorsam, Wien Museum, 2016.

Brandow-Faller, Megan.  The Female Secession. Art and the Decorative at the Viennese Women’s Academy, University Park, Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 2020.

---., “Blurred Boundaries. Life, Work, and Legacy of Vally Wieselthier,” in: in: Design Dialog: Juden, Kultur und Wiener Moderne, Vienna: Böhlau, 2018, pp. 229-245.

Braun, Emily, “Ornament as Evolution. Gustav Klimt and Berta Zuckerkandl;“ in: Exh. Cat. Gustav Klimt. The Ronald S. Lauder and Serge Sabarsky Collections, edited by Renée Price, Neue Galerie New York, 2007, pp. 144-169.

Cheng, Anne Alin. “Skin, Tattoos, and Susceptibility,” in: Representations, Fall 2009, 98-119.

Chenoune, Farid, A History of Men’s Fashion, Paris - New York: Flammarion, 1995.

Colomina, Beatriz, “On Adolf Loos and Josef Hoffmann,” in: Max Risselda (ed.) Raumplan versus Plan Libre, Adolf Loos and Le Corbusier, 1909-1930, Amsterdam, Delft Uni. Presss (1987), 1991.

Colomina, Beatriz, “The Split Wall: Domestic Voyeurism,” in: idem (ed.) Sexuality and Space, Mexico, 1992.

Colomina, Beatriz, Privacy and Publicity, Modern Architecture as Mass Media, London: MIT Press, 1994.

Colomina, Beatriz, “Sex, Lies and Decoration: Adolf Loos and Gustav Klimt,” in: Yehuda E. Safran (ed.,) Adolf Loos: Our Contemporary, Unsere Zeitgenosse, Nosso Contemporâneo, Cat. Exh. GSAPP: New York, 2012.

Eder, Franz X.,  „Diese Theorie ist sehr delikat....“ Zur Sexualisierung der 'Wiener Moderne'“, in: Jürgen Nautz and Richard Vahrenkamp (eds.,) Die Wiener Jahrhundertwende, Vienna, Cologne, Graz: Böhlau Verlag, 1996.

Eßl, Julia, “Niemand wollte diese Bilder … Die Privatsammlung Dr. Oskar Reichel,“ in: Die Praxis des Sammelns, edited by Eva Blimlinger and Heinz Schödl,  Wien: Böhlau, 2014, pp. 161-

George, Alys X. The Naked Truth, Chicago: Chicago University Press, 2020.

Gilman, Sander L., The Case of Sigmund Freud, Medicine and Identity at the Fin de Siècle, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993.

Gronberg, Tag. “Myths oft he Viennese Café. Ephemerality, Performativity, and Loos,” in: in: Design Dialog: Juden, Kultur und Wiener Moderne, Vienna: Böhlau, 2018, pp. 345-358.

Henderson, Susan R.  “Bachelor Culture in the Work of Adolf Loos,” in: Journal of Architectural Education, Vol. 55, No. 3, 2002, 125-135.

Holmes, Deborah, “Eugenie Schwarzwald and Adolf Loos. Reform Education and Modern Design,” in: in: Design Dialog: Juden, Kultur und Wiener Moderne, Vienna: Böhlau, 2018, pp. 211-227.

Holzer, Anton und Frauke Kreuter (Hg.,) Trude Fleischmann, Der selbstbewusste Blick,  Ausstellungskatalog Wien Museum, Wien 2011.

Hörmann, Marianne, Vally Wiesethier 1895-1945. Vienna: Böhlau, 1999.

Holmes, Deborah, and Lisa Silverman (eds.,) Interwar Vienna: Culture between Tradition and Modernity, Rochester: Camden House, 2009.

Houze, Rebecca, Textiles, Fashion, and Design Reform in Austria-Hungary Before the First World War. Principles of Dress. Burlington, VT: Ashgate. 2015.

Janda, Martin (hg.), Greta Feist, Ausstellungskatalog, Niederösterreichischen Landesmuseum, 1991.

Johnson, Julie M., The Memory Factory: The Forgotten Women Artists of Vienna 1900, Purdue University Press, 2012.

Kos, Wolfgang. Ed., kampf um die stadt. Politik, Kunst und Alltag um 1930. Ausstellungskatalog Jüdisches Museum Wien, 2010.

Lackner, Rudolfine (Hg.,) 100 Jahre VBKÖ - Festschrift : = 100 years VBKÖ - Festschrift Vereinigung Bildender Künstlerinnen Österreichs, Wien : Vereinigung Bildender Künstlerinnen Österreichs (VBKÖ), 2011

Leitner, Bernhard (Hg.) Erika Giovanna Klien. Wien New York 1900-1957. Ostfildern-Ruit: Hatje, 2001.

Makarova, Elena, Friedl Dicker-Brandeis. Ein Leben für Kunst und Lehre. Wien Weimar Prag. Hronov. Theresienstadt. Auschwitz. Vienna – Munich: Verlag Christian Brandstätter, 1999.

Matthias, Bettina, Eliza Garrison and James Van Dyke (eds.,) Exh. Cat. Naked Truth: Approaches to the Body in Early-Twentieth-Century German-Austrian Art, Middlebury College Museum of Art, Hanover: University of Press New England, 2015. (ÖNB)

Mautner Markhof, Marietta, Erika Giovanna Klien, 1900-1957; Glasgalerie Michael Kovacek, Wien, Eigenverl, 2001.

McEwen. Britta, Sexual Knowledge, Feeling, Fact and Social Reform in Vienna 1900-1934, US: Berghahn, 2012.

McGuigan, Cathleen, Three Architects Discuss Whiteness and Racism in the Built Environment, Architectural Record, July, 2020.

https://www.architecturalrecord.com/articles/14738-three-architects-discuss-whiteness-and-racism-in-the-built-environment

Meder, Iris, und Andrea Winklbauer, Vienna’s Shooting Girls – Jüdische Fotografinnen aus Wien, Ausstellungskatalog Jüdisches Museum, Wien 2012.

Mraz, Sylvia, Die Bildhauerin Ilse Twardowski-Conrat: Studien zu Leben und Werk, Diplomarbeit, Wien Universität, 2003.

Natlacen, Christina, “Zirkulierende Körper. Zum Typus der entindividualisierten Frau in Wien um 1900,“ in: Gendered Bodies, edited by Lisa Kleinberger, Siegen, 2013, pp. 207-

Natter, Tobias (ed.,) The Naked Truth: Klimt, Schiele, Kokoschka and Other Scandals, Vienna, Munich: Prestel, 2005.

Natter Tobias (ed.,) Exh. Cat. Nude Men: from 1800 to Present Day, Leopold Museum, 2013.

Novak-Thaller, Elisabeth (Hg.) Helene Funke 1869-1957, Ausstellungskatalog Lentos Kunstmuseum Linz, 2007.

Pallestrang, Kathrin (Hg.,), Die Textilmustersammlung Emilie Flöge im Österreichischen Museum für Volkskunde, Ausstellungskatalog, Wien: Österr. Museum für Volkskunde, 2015.

Pereña, Helena. “Bodies of Flesh and Blood. Puberty as a Theme in the Oeuvre of Egon Schiele,” in: Egon Schiele - Expression und Lyrik, edited by Verena Gamper and Hans-Peter Wipplinger, Vienna: Leopold Museum, 2018.

Plakolm-Forsthuber, Sabine, Künstlerinnen in Österreich 1897-1938, Malerei - Plastik - Architektur, Wien, 1994.

---., „Loos remodeled“. Zum Umbau der Wohnung Leopold Goldman durch die Architektin Liane Zimbler 1936, in: Design Dialog: Juden, Kultur und Wiener Moderne, Vienna: Böhlau, 2018, pp. 263-280.

Pollock, Griselda, Vision and Difference, Feminism, femininity and the histories of art, Routledge; London and New York, 1988.

Riedl, Joachim (Hg.,) Wien, Stadt der Juden. Die Welt der Tante Jolesch. Vienna: Zsolnay Verlag, 2004.

Schnell, Izabela, Der Einfluss der Medizin und Anatomie auf die Kunst in Wien im 19. Jahrhundert (1850-1914). Magisterarbeit, Medizinische Universität, Vienna, 2013.

Schorske, Carl E. Fin-de-Siècle Vienna, Politics and Culture. New York: Vintage Book, 1981.

Schütte-Lihotzky, Margarete, Warum ich Architektin wurde, Salzburg: Residenz-Verl, 2004.

Shapira, Elana. “A Poor Man’s Gaze: Who is Looking at Whom in Fin de Siècle Vienna?” In Eva Kernbauer and Bernadette Reinhold (eds.) Festschrift für Patrick Werkner (Universität für angewandte Kunst Wien, 2018), pp. 120-125.

---. “Gaze and Spectacle in the Calibration of Class and Gender: Visual Culture in Vienna 1900,” in: Jane Kromm and Susan Bakewell (eds.,) A History of Visual Culture: Western Civilization from the 18th to the 21st Century (Berg, 2010), pp. 157-168.

---. “Tailored Authorship: Adolf Loos and the Ethos of Men’s Fashion,” in: Rainlad Franz und Inge Podbrecky (hrsg.,) Leben-Mit-Loos, Wien: Böhlau Verlag, 2008, pp. 53-72.

--- .‘The Interpretation of Children’s Drawing and the Reception of Kokoschka’s work at the Kunstschau 1908’ in Patrick Werkner (ed.) Oskar Kokoschka – aktuelle Perspektiven (Wien/New York: Springer Verlag, 1998) pp. 17–21.

---. An Early Expressionist Masterpiece: Oskar Kokoschka’s Children Playing from 1909,”

Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte, Munich and Berlin: Deutscher Kunstverlag, (4/ 2001), pp. 501-536.

Sparke, Penny, As Long As It’s Pink: The Sexual Politics of Taste, London: Allen and Unwin, 1995.

Vergo, Peter and Gemma Blackshaw and Barnaby Wright (eds.,). Egon Schiele – The Radical Nude, London: Paul Holberton Publishing, 2014.

Wasserman, Janek, Black Vienna: the Radical Right in the Red City. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2014.

 

Key Words

Wiener Moderne, Körper, Medizin, Gender, Integration, design

Dates

14 October 2020, 10:00–11:30 via zoom
04 November 2020, 10:00–11:30 via zoom
11 November 2020, 10:00–11:30 via zoom
18 November 2020, 10:00–11:30 via zoom
25 November 2020, 10:00–11:30 via zoom
02 December 2020, 10:00–11:30 via zoom
09 December 2020, 10:00–11:30 via zoom
16 December 2020, 10:00–11:30 via zoom
13 January 2021, 10:00–11:30 to be announced
20 January 2021, 10:00–11:30 to be announced
27 January 2021, 10:00–11:30 to be announced

Course Enrolment

From 14 September 2020, 13:08 to 01 October 2020, 15:47
Via online registration

co-registration: possible

Art Education: subject kkp (Bachelor): FOR: Lehrveranstaltungen nach Wahl aus Wissenschaftliche Praxis

Art Education: subject kkp (Enhancements study): FOR: Lehrveranstaltungen nach Wahl aus Wissenschaftliche Praxis

Art Education: subject tex (Bachelor): FOR: aus Geschichte und Theorie der Architektur bzw. des Design (wahlweise)

Art Education: subject tex (Bachelor): FOR: Lehrveranstaltungen nach Wahl aus Wissenschaftliche Praxis

Art Education: subject tex (Enhancements study): FOR: Lehrveranstaltungen nach Wahl aus Wissenschaftliche Praxis

Art Education: subject dae (Bachelor): FOR: aus Geschichte und Theorie der Architektur bzw. des Design (wahlweise)

Art Education: subject dae (Bachelor): FOR: Lehrveranstaltungen nach Wahl aus Wissenschaftliche Praxis

Art Education: subject dae (Enhancements study): FOR: Lehrveranstaltungen nach Wahl aus Wissenschaftliche Praxis

Art Education: subject dex (Bachelor): FOR: aus Geschichte und Theorie der Architektur bzw. des Design (wahlweise)

Art Education: subject dex (Bachelor): FOR: Lehrveranstaltungen nach Wahl aus Wissenschaftliche Praxis

Art Education: subject dex (Enhancements study): FOR: Lehrveranstaltungen nach Wahl aus Wissenschaftliche Praxis

Design: Specialisation in Graphic Design (2. Section): Theory and History of Design

Design: Specialisation in Graphics and Advertising (2. Section): Theory and History of Design

Industrial Design (1. Section): Design and Diversity

Design: Specialisation in Fashion Design (2. Section): Design and Diversity

subject Fine Arts / Art and Communication Practices (2. Section): Aus Kunst und Kulturwissenschaften, (davon min. 4 SSt SE) (2.5 ECTS)

subject Handicrafts / Design, Architecture and Environment (1. Section): Aus Kunst- und Kulturwissenschaften

subject Handicrafts / Design, Architecture and Environment (2. Section): Aus Geschichte und Theorie des Design

subject Textile Design / Textiles - Art, Design, Styles (2. Section): Aus Kunst- und Kulturwissenschaften (mind. 4 SSt SE) (2.5 ECTS)

Design: Specialisation in Applied Photography and Time-based Media (2. Section): Humanities

Individual courses: possible